Individual Units: Name, Outcomes, and Descriptions
Unit 1: Intro to Scientific Principles 1 week
-describe the process of science as a discipline
-design/conduct a proper experiment
Description of Unit: Students will be presented with examples of studies that are considered both science and pseudoscience. Through class discussion, we will examine the properties of the scientific method, and students will apply this information in analyzing advertisements for scientific validity. We will use the scientific method to design and implement an experiment to demonstrate the need for proper experimental design, including the consideration of replicates and a control.
Unit Two: Biochemistry
Students will understand: 2 weeks
The different types of chemical bonds
The different types of chemical reactions
The chemical/physical properties of water
The chemical/physical properties of the major macromolecules
Description of Unit: Students will be given lecture, demonstrations and Hands-On lab experiments in efforts to make connections between the lineage of Atoms, Elements, Molecules and Macromolecules. Students will use this understanding to develop sound lab reports and appropriately apply concepts to the hierarchy of elemental and molecular reactions with respect to the role they play in living organisms.
Unit Three: Intro to cell structure
Students will be able to show an understanding of: 4 weeks
The prevailing hypothesis to explain the origins of life on the planet
The concept of Cell Theory
The structure and function of eukaryotic organelles
The structure and function of phospholipids
The different mechanisms through which cells transport materials
The relationship between cell size/shape and transport efficiency
Description of unit: Students will be engaged in lecture, demonstrations, laboratory experiments and group projects to synthesize material, construct lab reports and make conceptual connection with regards to cellular history, development, constituancy, function and type.
Unit Four: Metabolism
Students will understand: 4 weeks
The reason photosynthesis is the central metabolic process to all ecosystems
The reactants and products of the photosynthetic process
The reactants and products of the individual stages of the photosynthetic process
The interdependency of both photosynthesis and cellular respiration
The necessity for all organisms to perform cellular respiration
The reactants and products of the cellular respiration process
The reactants and products of the individual stages of the cell respiration process
Description of unit: Students will be exposed to a wide variety of lecture material, demonstrations and lab activities and an individual project throughout this unit. Special attention will be given to the correlation between photosynthesis and cellular respiration in terms of reactants and products of both reactions.
Unit Five: Cell Replication 4 weeks
The goal and process of cellular replication (mitosis)
The consequence of failing to regulate cell replication
The ability for cells to recognize self and non-self
The necessity of the meiotic process in producing sex cells
The similarities/differences between mitosis and meiosis
Description of unit: Students will be exposed to a wide variety of lecture, demonstration and lab activities. Special attention will be given to the interrelationships between the major components of a Cell Cycle and a cells overall ability to function and duplicate. A detailed study of the similarities and differences between Mitosis and Meiosis will be highlighted as well.
Unit 6: Mendelian genetics 2 weeks
The use of Punnett squares to predict genotypes and phenotypes
The connection between meiosis and the genetic predictions of Mendel
Description of Unit: The student will be exposed to power point presentations, hands on lab activities and project – based work. Students will be focused on the over-arching theme of genetics in that they will relate Mendelian Genetics concepts to that of Meiosis and gene variations in animals, in particular the human.
Unit 7: Molecular genetics 4 weeks
The basic structure of DNA
The replication process of DNA
The process of protein synthesis
The connections between DNA, proteins, and traits
The means by which gene expression is regulated
The potential consequences of gene and chromosomal mutations
Description of Unit: Students will be exposed to a varying degree of lecture, power points, projects and lab activities. With respect to DNA, students will come to understand the connections between the three parts of the Central Dogma (Replication-Transcription and Translation) to the ultimate synthesis of proteins and their functions.
Unit 8: Biotechnology 2 weeks
The process and applications of recombinant DNA
The process and applications of electrophoresis
The process and applications of cloning and stems cells
The potential social and ethical issues associated with bioengineering
Description of Unit: Students will be exposed to power points and hands on lab activities to demonstrate the overall importance of Lab techniques that led and lead to discoveries in human genetics. Special attention will given to the potential “Ethical” implications of such techniques and the information that is provided. In addition, students will actually separate human DNA in a process called Electrophoresis in efforts to show cause and affect between the human genetic code and medical products.
Unit 9: Evolution 5 weeks
The process through which natural selection can create change within a species
The use of the Hardy-Weinberg equation in providing evidence of evolution
The process of speciation
The speciation of Homo sapien and our hominid ancestors
The evidence and historical record supporting our understanding of hominid evolution
The way science organizes biological groups through the study of taxonomy
The types of evidence available for making decisions about taxonomic groupings
Description of Unit: Students will be given power point introduction as well as lab and project based activities. The major theme is understand the degree and rate of genetic variation in a given species in order to connect the patterns of biological change. Special attention will be given to the study of Natural Selection process and it’s connection to human advancement in terns of taxonomy and evolution
Unit 10: Systems Biology 2 weeks
The basic structure and function of the circulatory system
The basic physiology of the mammalian heart
The basic goals of a digestive system
The interaction of enzymes and macromolecules in the digestive process
The process through which molecules are absorbed and distributed after digestion
Description of Unit: The students will be provided with brief video demonstrations and power points to introduce the topic of Dissection. The major focus of this unit is to allow students to participate in a series of well-delineated and controlled dissection techniques of the Fetal Pig. The major theme will be to study various organ systems in detail via dissection and make summative connections of those individual systems to that of a complete and functioning Organism.